Farm Visit to California Vegetable Specialties: Grilled Pear, Fig and Endive Flatbread

At least once a month here, I’ll be showcasing a farm or ranch where I’ve been lucky enough to get a behind-the-scenes tour,  along with a recipe I’ve created to highlight their “product”. Thanks to being in the San Francisco Professional Food Society (and on their Board), and volunteering and doing some cooking classes for Marin Agricultural Land Trust, I’ve had some wonderful opportunities to meet a lot of wonderful people who help to put food on my table every day.

The first farm is California Vegetable Specialties in Rio Vista, California owned by Rich Collins. He grows endive, and in case you were wondering, this is the kind that’s pronounced “on-deev”. And no you don’t need to say it only when wearing your “Sunday best” while having tea and crumpets with the local Garden Club as you ask someone if they have any Grey Poupon. Nor do you need to sound like you have a really bad cold. It really is the correct pronunciation and you’ll just sound informed and hip. Really.

Explaining how endive is farmed feels like the beginning of one of those riddles we all shared with each other when we were kids. What’s black and white and red (read) all over, we’d ask our friends? A newspaper, we’d all sing out together, and then topple on each other giggling. What plant is harvested twice, is grown in the dark, provides food once per plant, and can reduce ovarian cancer by 75% when eaten raw? That’s right, endive. Wow!

Over the past 20 years, I’ve visited a lot of farms and ranches, but I’m here to tell you that I’ve never seen a farm quite like the one at California Vegetable Specialties. Owned by Rich Collins, CVS is the largest producer of endive in North America and provides most of the red endive in the world. That alone is impressive, but seeing how endive is grown puts Rich in the “master farmer” category as far as I’m concerned.

Harvested roots with leaflets heading to cold storage.

In a nutshell, every spring, very tiny endive seeds are planted shallowly in the ground that pop up the first proud little leaflets after four to five days. They flourish all summer and get mowed down in the fall. (Don’t you have days that you feel like this??) Anyway, this is harvest #1. But it’s not your typical harvest. Most of the leaves are left behind in the field and what gets harvested is a 6-inch root that has one budding leaf attached. Off these roots go into cold storage set at 32 degrees for eight to ten months to take a long winter nap, since they’ve been fooled into thinking that winter suddenly appeared.

Forced Growing Beds

When it’s time for them to grow again, they’re carefully placed vertically in forcing trays and whisked to the forcing room on fork-lift limos where they’re stacked in columns that are 50 feet high. The forcing room is really humid – close to saturation, dark, and warmer to encourage growth. The roots are fed nutrients hydroponically and grow undisturbed in the dark for about four weeks. When the tall insulating curtains protecting the forcing room are drawn back, there they all are, thousands of endive plants that look like elegant, little soldiers standing upright at attention, waiting patiently to be harvested.

All lined up for Harvest #2

Harvest #2 is when the endive is removed from the roots before packing and shipping. The roots are used as a high quality cattle feed since they’re not used again. All in all, 2 years from seed to feed.

It’s really an amazing thing to witness, and honestly if you ever have the opportunity to tour Rich’s farm, cancel your tennis date, lunch plans, or business meeting, and grab it. Since my visit, as you can imagine, I’ve been playing more with endive than usual. So when I was invited to a potluck dinner recently, and I knew The Endive Guy would be there, I wanted to bring something I’d been playing with: a flatbread with grilled fall fruit and endive with blue cheese.

This is a great flatbread that celebrates the fall bounty and is healthy. A few health facts about endive before diving into the recipe: at about 15 calories per head, it’s only about 1 calorie per leaf. Endive is very high in Vitamin A and iron and is said to work very well in ridding the body of infections. For heart health, one head of endive delivers about half the potassium of a banana. And although endive isn’t as bitter as some of its chicory family cousins thanks to how it’s grown, its bitterness acts as an appetite stimulant and aids in digestion. For additional information nutrition, see this in the Nutrition tab.

In this recipe, pears, figs and endive are all tossed in pear vinaigrette and then lightly grilled until the pears begin to give off a caramelized flavor that marries really well with the crunch and flavor of the endive. Endive is one of the greens that loves to be grilled, but don’t grill it for too long since you want some of its crunch. I used a vegetable grilling tray on top of my grill that had perforations in it for the pears and figs. For the record, this also works just fine on top of the stove with a grill pan, or sauté pan. For more information on shopping for, prepping, storing, and cooking with endive, I have added some general information under the Practical Matters tab.

For the cheese, I felt that blue cheese on its own overpowered the dish, and so I mixed it up with a little goat cheese and ricotta cheese that still sings out a clear blue cheese note, although a little muted.

Now that the farmer’s markets are overflowing with all these ingredients, it’s the perfect time of year for this dish. If you try it, I’d love to hear what you think!



  • 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil, divided
  • 1 cup onions, finely chopped
  • 3 pears (both Bosc and Bartlett work great)
  • 3 heads of endive
  • 6 fresh figs
  • 2 tablespoons any kind of Pear Vinegar (cider vinegar can be substituted)
  • 2 tablespoons ricotta cheese
  • 2 tablespoons chevre
  • 3 tablespoons blue cheese – I used Pt. Reyes Blue
  • 1 tablespoon fresh thyme leaves (if they’re young and not woody, you can include the stems)
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 3 Na’an rounds purchased at the store

Making It…

  1. Preheat the oven to 400º F.
  2. Heat 1 tablespoon olive oil in a small sauté pan and add the onions. Saute on medium-low until soft and seem to melt. Remove from the heat and set aside.
  3. Slice the pears, with the skin on, into wedges about 1/4″ thick. Remove the seeds. Place on a baking sheet. Slice the endive in half, lengthwise, and place on the baking sheet. Slice the figs in thirds, lengthwise, and place on the baking sheet. Combine the last tablespoon of olive oil with the Pear Vinegar, a pinch of salt and pepper and swish around. Drizzle the vinaigrette over the fruit and endive and gently, gently rub it over everything for good coverage.
  4. Oil and heat up the grill and place a lightly oiled vegetable grilling sheet on the grill. Place the endive on the grill, cut side facing down, and the fruit on the vegetable grilling sheet.
  5. Grill the endive until the edges begin to brown and it begins to soften just a bit, turning it as needed (about 4-5 minutes total over direct heat). Grill the fruit until the pears begin to brown and slightly caramelize and the figs soften and become slightly juicy. Remove everything from the grill back to the baking sheet you started with.
  6. Combine the cheeses, fresh thyme, and a pinch of salt and pepper in a small bowl with a fork.
  7. Assemble the flatbreads: spread the cheese mixture onto the Na’an. Sprinkle on the sautéed onions and layer the pears, endive and figs on top. Bake until the cheese melts a bit – about 15 minutes.
  8. Remove from the oven and slice up into bite-sized pieces. This can be served at room temperature, but is oh so much better warm.
  9. And as a final note, if you didn’t hit on the above link for Grey Poupon, I recommend doing it. It might not be the one you grew up with like I did.

About The Wimpy Vegetarian

I'm a mostly vegetarian married to a Carnivorous Maximus and always looking for a simpler way to make a great dinner for both of us!
This entry was posted in Appetizers, Endive, FARM VISITS, Figs, Pears and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

18 Responses to Farm Visit to California Vegetable Specialties: Grilled Pear, Fig and Endive Flatbread

  1. lizthechef says:

    This should really be an article in a food magazine, Susan. So much interesting material! I really learned from your post – thanks for the hard work here!

  2. Thanks so much Liz!! It will be placed sometime this week on the California Vegetable Specialties website in the blog, but I’d love to use this as a foundation for a magazine article. You’ve got me thinking about this now!

  3. Diane says:

    Pears and figs are two favorites but now I can add endive. Love this new blog

    • Thanks so much Diane!! It’s been very fun to do. I’m throwing endive into so many of my salads now for some nice crunch, and I’m thinking this combination of pears, figs and endive would work really well in a salad too.

  4. Hi Susan,

    What a lovely write up! Rodger (aka “Endive Guy) has been singing the praises of this recipe since he first tasted it. I’m looking forward to posting this on the Discover Endive blog and sharing with our readers. As I work on that, I’d love to get in touch with you directly. Please feel free to email me and we can lay out a plan for publication!

    Looking forward to working with you!

    Casey Benedict
    on behalf of Discover Endive

  5. TasteFood says:

    Wonderful post, Susan! I love endive and how you’ve combined it with pear and fig.

  6. boulangere says:

    This was fascinating. I had no idea the little things were nurtured along that way. I’m taking the story to class on Monday. We’re doing some hors d’oeuvres this week, and this will be perfect. Thank you so much.

    • Wow! Thanks so much Cynthia!!! I hope you and your class likes the flatbread. And it really is a pretty cool process CVS uses to grow these little guys. Rich’s motto there at the farm is to get everyone there trying to “think like an endive” as they continue to refine the growing and harvesting process they use. They’re building a whole cold storage building now on their property that is being designed to be mostly off the grid.

  7. Really a great post!!! I now have a new respect for endive. I previously put it in the iceberg lettuce category…was I ever wrong! Is there a “season” for endive? Your recipe and picture are stunning.

    • Thanks so much for your comments, Mare!! Getting this blog going has been all-consuming the last couple weeks. So much to learn, as you know 🙂 No, there is no ‘season’ for endive. The seeds are only planted in the spring, but because of the double harvest, endive roots are transferred from cold storage to the forcing room all through the year. So it’s something you can eat all year round and still be PC !

  8. Pingback: Being Tempted by Fig Apple Jam | The Wimpy Vegetarian

  9. sooo cool! WLCOME TO THE BLOG world!

  10. Sharon Knoll says:

    So glad I discovered your blog! Love this recipe and now reading the background of endive it has double meaning! Great article and thank you.

    • I’m so glad to see you here, Sharon!! Welcome! And I’m really happy you enjoyed this post. It was such a great experience to tour their farm! I have my next farm visit posting coming this week on farm-raising abalone.

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